helpful gear and links for parents


Helpful Gear
  • Chewy Tubes®: Made in the USA! ARK’s Y-Chews are a safe way to exercise the mouth muscles, build oral tone, practice biting and chewing skills, and provide tactile sensory input to the lips, tongue, cheeks, and jaw.

  • DuoSpoon: oral exploration motor tool for children who have sensory challenges. Use it as a dipper to pair the child’s favorite smooth purees with the DuoSpoon.  The DuoSpoon can also be used as an aid to help increase upper lip activity and food removal.

  • ezpz Happy Bowls and Happy Mats designed by feeding therapists for home or therapy settings
  • Ark’s Basic Bear Straw Bottle

  • Arks Cip-Kup
  • Thera-Tubing

  • NUK® brushes

  • Tri-Chew

  • DOIDY cup: designed with unique slant to teach children to drink from a rim, not a spout

  • Lollacup: two-handled cup with a weighted, valve-free straw that keeps in the liquid so the child can drink even when the cup is tilted and allows for easier drinking
  • Playtex® Coolster®
  • Inflatable Sensory Cushion
  • Wow Cup: no spill tumbler that supports healthy oral-motor development
Therapy Tips for Home
Articles and links
Sensory Play and Fun
Extended bibliography
Extended Bibliography and Resources for Professionals Ammaniti, M., L. Lucarelli, S. Cimino, F. D. Olimpio, and I. Chatoor. 2012. Feeding Disorders of Infancy: a Longitudinal Study to Middle Childhood. The International Journal of Eating Disorders 45(2): 272-80. Andaya, A. A., E. M. Arredondo, J. E. Alcaraz, S. P. Lindsay, and J. P. Elder. 2011. “The Association Between Family Meals, TV Viewing During Meals, and Fruit, Vegetables, Soda, and Chips Intake Among Latino Children.” Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 43(5): 308:15. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. 2001. Roles of Speech-Language Pathologists in Swallowing and Feeding Disorders: Technical Report. Rockville, MD: ASHLA. American Academy of Pediatrics. 2012. AAP Recommends Careful Approach to Using Sensory-Based Therapies. Barclay, G. R., and L. A. Turnberg. 1987. Effect of Psychosocial Stress on Salt and Water Transport in the Human Jejunum. Gastroenterology 93(1): 91-7. Bartoshuk, L. M., V. B. Duffy, and I. J. Miller. 1994. PTC/PROP Tasting: Anatomy, Psychophysics, and Sex Effects. Physiology and Behavior 56(6): 1165-71. Batsell, W. R., A. S. Brown, M. E. Ansfield and G. Y. Paschall. 2002. ‘You Will Eat All of That!’ A Retrospective Analysis of Forced Consumption Episodes. Appetite 38(3): 211-9. Beers, D. 2009. Michael Pollan, Garden Fresh. The Tyee, June 12. Bentley, M. E., H. M. Wasser, and H. M.  2011. Responsive Feeding and Child Undernutrition in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Journal of Nutrition 141(3): 502-7. Benton, D. 2010. The Plausibility of Sugar Addiction and Its Role in Obesity and Eating Disorders. Journal of Clinical Nutrition 29: 288-303. Birch, L. L. 1989. Developmental Aspects of Eating. In Handbook of the Psychophysiology of Human Eating. Wiley Psychophysiology Handbook series, edited by R. Shepherd. Chinchester: Wiley. Black, D. 2002. Nutritional Interventions for Children with FASD. Black, M. M., and F. E. Aboud. 2011. Responsive Feeding Is Embedded in a Theoretical Framework of Responsive Parenting. Journal of Nutrition 141(3): 490-4. Blechert, J., E. Naumann, J. Schmitz, B. M. Herbert, and B. Tuschen-Caffier. 2014. “Startling Sweet Temptations: Hedonic Chocolate Deprivation Modulates Experience, Eating Behavior, and Eyeblink Startle.” PLOS ONE 10.137/journal.pone.0085679. Blissett J., C. Bennett, J. Donohoe, S. Rogers, and S. Higgs. 2012. “Predicting Successful Introduction of Novel Fruit to Preschool Children.” Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics 112(12): 1959–67. Brann, L. S. 2008. “Classifying Preadolescent Boys Based on Their Weight Status and Percent Body Fat Produces Different Groups.” Journal of the American Dietetic Association 108(6): 1018–22. Carruth, B. R. and J. D. Skinner. 2000. “Revisiting the Picky Eater Phenomenon: Neophobic Behaviors of Young Children.” Journal of the American College of Nutrition 19(6): 771–80. CASA: The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University. 2007. “The Importance of Family Dinners IV.” Chao, P. C., T. Bryan, K. Burstein, and C. Ergul. 2006. “Family-Centered Intervention for Young Children At-Risk for Language and Behavior Problems”. Early Childhood Education Journal 34(2): 147–53. Chatoor, I. 2002. “Feeding Disorders in Infants and Toddlers: Diagnosis and Treatment.” Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinic of North America 11(2): 163–83. Chatoor, I. 2009. Diagnosis and Treatment of Feeding Disorders in Infants Toddlers and Young Children. Washington, DC: Zero to Three. Ciampolini, M., H. D. Lovell-Smith, T. Kenealy, and R. Bianchi. 2013. “Hunger Can Be Taught: Hunger Recognition Regulates Eating and Improves Energy Balance.” International Journal of General Medicine 6: 465–8. Coldwell, S. E., T. K. Oswald, and D. R. Reed. 2009. “Biological Drive for Sugar as Marker of Growth Differs Between Adolescents with High Versus Low Sugar Preference.” Physiology & Behavior 96(4–5): 576–80. Crum, A. J., W. R. Corbin, K. D. Brownell, and P. Salovey. 2011. “Mind Over Milkshakes: Mindsets, Not Just Nutrients, Determine Ghrelin Response.” Health Psychology 30(4): 424–9. Davis, C. M. 1928. Self Selection of Diet by Newly Weaned Infants: An Experimental Study. American Journal of Diseases in Childhood 36(4): 651–79. Davison, K. K., and L. L. Birch. 2001. “Weight Status, Parent Reaction, and Self-Concept in Five-Year-Old Girls.” Pediatrics 107(1): 46–53. Denny, K. N., K. Loth, M. E. Eisenberg, and D. Neumark-Sztainer. 2013. “Intuitive Eating in Young Adults. Who Is Doing It, and How Is It Related to Disordered Eating Behaviors?” Appetite 60(1): 13–19. Dev, D., and B. McBride. 2013. “Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Benchmarks for Nutrition in Child Care 2011: Are Child-Care Providers Across Contexts Meeting Recommendations?” Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics 113(10): 1346–53. Didehbani, N., K. Kelly, L. Austin, and A. Wiechmann. 2011. “Role of Parental Stress on Pediatric Feeding Disorders.” Children’s Health Care 40(2011): 85–100. Dovey T. M., P. A. Staples, E. L. Gibson, and J. C. Halford. 2008. “Food Neophobia and ‘Picky/Fussy’ Eating in Children: A Review.” Appetite 50(2–3): 181–93. Ellin, A. 2009. “What’s Eating Our Kids? Fears About ‘Bad’ Foods.” New York Times February 25: E1. Faber, A., and E. Mazlish. 2012. How to Talk So Kids Will Listen and Listen So Kids Will Talk. New York: Scribner. Farrow, C., and H. Coulthard. 2012. “Relationships Between Sensory Sensitivity, Anxiety, and Selective Eating in Children.” Appetite 58(3): 842–6. Fay, J., and C. Fay. 2000. Love and Logic Magic for Early Childhood. Golden, CO: Love and Logic Press. Fisher, J. O., and L. L. Birch. 2000. “Parents’ Restrictive Feeding Practices Are Associated with 
Young Girls’ Negative Self-Evaluation of Eating.” Journal of the American Dietetic Association 100(11): 1341–46. Fraker, C., M. Fishbein, S. Cox, and L. Walbert. 2009. Food Chaining: The Proven 6-Step Plan to Stop Picky Eating, Solve Feeding Problems, and Expand Your Child’s Diet. Philadelphia: Da Capo Press. Fulkerson, J. A., M. Story, D. Neumark-Sztainer, and S. Rydell. 2008. “Family Meals: Perception of Benefits and Challenges Among Parents of 8- to 10-Year-Old Children.” Journal of the American Dietetic Association 108(4): 706–9. Glanz, K., M. Basil, E. Maibach, J. Goldberg, and D. Snyder. 1998. “Why Americans Eat What They Do: Taste, Nutrition, Cost, Convenience, and Weight Control Concerns as Influences on Food Consumption.” Journal of the American Dietetic Association 98(10): 1118–26. Greene, R. 2010. The Explosive Child. New York: HarperCollins. Grueber R., C. Cassoff, S. Frennette, S. Wiebe, and J. Carrier. 2012. “Impact of Sleep Extension and Restriction on Children’s Emotional Lability and Impulsivity.” Pediatrics October 15. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2012-0564. Gustafson-Larson, A. M., and R. D. Terry. 1992. “Weight-Related Behaviors and Concerns of Fourth-Grade Children.” Journal of the American Dietetic Association 92(7): 818–22. Haines, J., J. McDonald, A. O’Brien, B. Sherry, C. J. Bottino, M. E. Schmidt, and E. M. Taveras. 2013. “Healthy Habits, Happy Homes: Randomized Trial to Improve Household Routines for Obesity Prevention Among Preschool-Aged Children.” Journal of the American Medical Association Pediatrics 167(11): 1072–79. Haines, K., and D. Neumark-Sztainer. 2006. “Prevention of Obesity and Eating Disorders: A Consideration of Shared Risk Factors.” Health Education Resources 21(6): 770–82. Hallberg, L., E. Bjorn-Rasmussen, L. Rossander, and R. Suwanik. 1977. “Iron Absorption from Southeast Asian Diets.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 30(4): 539–48. Hammons, A. J., and B. H. Fiese. 2011. “Is Frequency of Shared Family Meals Related to the Nutritional Health of Children and Adolescents?” Pediatrics 127(6): e1565–74. Harris, G., J. Blissett, and R. Johnson. 2000. “Food Refusal Associated With Illness.” Child Psychology & Psychiatry Review 5(4): 148–56. Havermans, R. C., and A. Jansen. 2006. “Increasing Children’s Liking of Vegetables Through Flavour- Flavour Learning.” Appetite 48(2): 259–62. Jastran, M. M., C. A. Bisogni, J. Sobal, C. Blake, and C. M. Devine. 2009. “Eating Routines: Embedded, Value Based, Modifiable, and Reflective.” Appetite 52(1): 127–36. Kiff, C. J., Lengua, L. J, and N. R. Bush. 2011. “Temperament Variation in Sensitivity to Parenting: Predicting Changes in Depression and Anxiety.” Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 39(8): 1199–212. Kotler L. A., P. Cohen, M. Davies, D. S. Pine, and B. T. Walsh. 2011. “Longitudinal Relationships Between Childhood, Adolescent, and Adult Eating Disorders.” Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 40(12): 1434–40. Krall, J. S., and B. Lohse. 2011. “Validation of a Measure of the Satter Eating Competence Model with Low-Income Females.” International of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 8: 26. Legler, J. D., and L. C. Rose. 1998. “Assessment of Abnormal Growth Curves.” American Family Physician 58(1): 158–68. Levine, M. 2012. “Raising Successful Children.” New York Times August 5: SR8. Linscheid, T. R., K. S. Budd, and L. K. Rasnake. 2003. “Pediatric Feeding Problems.” In Handbook of Pediatric Psychology, 3rd edition, edited by M. C. Roberts. New York: Guilford Press. Lohse, B., E. Satter, T. Horacek, T. Gebreselassie, and M. J. Oakland. 2007. “Measuring Eating Competence: Psychometric Properties and Validity of the ecSatter Inventory.” Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 39(5):S154-S166. Lucianovic, S. V. W. 2012. Suffering Succotash: A Picky Eater’s Quest to Understand Why We Hate the Foods We Hate. New York: Penguin. Manikam, R., and J. A. Perman. 2000. “Pediatric Feeding Disorders.” Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology 30(1): 34–46. Martin, C. I., T. M. Dovey, H. Coulthard, and A. M. Southall. 2013. “Maternal Stress and Problem-Solving Skills in a Sample of Children with Nonorganic Feeding Disorders.” Infant Mental Health Journal 34(3): 202–10. Masato, A., S. Ramachandrappa, M. Joachim, Y. Shen, R. Zhang, N. Nuthalapati, V. Ramanathan, et al. 2013. “Loss of Function of the Melanocortin 2 Receptor Accessory Protein 2 Is Associated with Mammalian Obesity.” Science 341(6143): 275–8. Mascola, A. J., S. W. Bryson, and W. S. Agras. 2010. “Picky Eating During Childhood: A Longitudinal Study to Age 11 Years.” Eating Behaviors 11(4): 253–7. Miller, G. 2011. “Sweet Here, Salty There: Evidence of a Taste Map in the Mammalian Brain.” Science 333(6047): 1213. Millward, C., M. Ferriter, S. J. Calver, and G. G. Connell-Jones. 2008. “Gluten- and Casein-Free Diets for Autistic Spectrum Disorder.” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003498.pub3. Moore, L. L., M. R. Singer, M. M. Qureshi, M. L. Bradlee, and S. R. Daniels. 2012. “Food Group Intake and Micronutrient Adequacy in Adolescent Girls.” Nutrients 4(11): 1692–708. Morris, S. E. 1999. “Children with Feeding Tubes Part 3: Making the Transition to Oral Feeding.” . Morris, S. E. 2002. “Hemi-Sync for Learning and Stress Reduction: User’s Guide.” Morris, S. E., and M. D. Klein. 2000. Pre-Feeding Skills, Second Edition: A Comprehensive Resource for Mealtime Development. Austin, TX: PRO-ED. Murkett, T., and G. Rapley. 2010. Baby-Led Weaning: The Essential Guide to Introducing Solid Foods and Helping Your Baby to Grow Up a Happy and Confident Eater. New York: The Experiment. Neumark-Sztainer, D. 2009. “Preventing Obesity and Eating Disorders in Adolescents: What Can Health Care Providers Do?” Journal of Adolescent Health. 44(3): 206–13 Owen, J. P., E. J. Marco, S. Desai, E. Fourie, J. Harris, S. S. Hill, A. B. Arnett, and P. Mukherjee. 2013. Abnormal White Matter Microstructure in Children with Sensory Processing Disorders. Neuroimage: Clinical .23(2): 844–53. Nadon, G., D. Feldman, and E. Gisel. 2013. “Feeding Issues Associated with the Autism Spectrum Disorders.” In Recent Advances in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 1, edited by M. Fitzgerald. DOI:10.5772/53644. Newman, J., and A. Taylor. 1992. “Effect of a Means-End Contingency on Young Children’s Food Preferences.” Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 53(2): 200–16. Nicholls, D., D. Christie, L. Randall, and B. Lask. 2001. “Selective Eating: Symptom, Disorder or Normal Variant.” Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry 6(2): 268. O’Dea, J. A. and R. Wilson. 2006. Socio-Cognitive and Nutritional Factors Associated with Body Mass Index in Children and Adolescents: Possibilities for Childhood Obesity Prevention. Health Education Research 21(6): 796–805. Orrell-Valente, J. K., L. G. Hill, W. A. Brechwald, K. A. Dodge, G. S. Pettit, and J. E. Bates. 2007. “Just Three More Bites”: An Observational Analysis of Parents’ Socialization of Children’s Eating at Mealtime. Appetite 48(1): 37–45. Perry, B., R. Pollard, T. Blakley, W. Baker, and D. Vigilante. 1995. “Childhood Trauma, the Neurobiology of Adaptation, and ‘Use-Dependant’ Development of the Brain: How ‘States’ Become ‘Traits.’” Infant Mental Health Journal 16(4): 271–91. Phatak, U. P., and D. S. Pashankar. 2013. “Role of Polyethylene Glycol in Childhood Constipation.” Clinical Pediatrics. DOI: 10.1177/0009922813505699. Pinhas, L., G. McVey, K. S. Walker, M. Norris, D. Katzman, and S. Collier. 2013. “Trading Health for a Healthy Weight: The Uncharted Side of Healthy Weight Initiatives.” Eating Disorders 21(2): 109–16. Pliner, P., and Stallberg-White, C. 2000. “‘Pass the Ketchup, Please’: Familiar Flavors Increase Children’s Willingness to Taste Novel Foods.” Appetite 34(1): 95–103. Powell, F. C., C. V. Farrow, and C. Meyer. 2011. “Food Avoidance in Children: The Influence of Maternal Feeding Practices and Behaviours.” Appetite 57(3): 683–92. Rollins B. Y., Loken E., Savage J. S., and Birch L. L. 2014. “Maternal Controlling Feeding Practices and Girls’ Inhibitory Control Interact to Predict Changes in BMI and Eating in the Absence of Hunger from 5 to 7 y.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 99(2): 249–57. Saad, L. 2013. “Most U.S. Families Still Routinely Dine Together at Home.” Sanger G. J., P. M. Hellstrom, and E. Naslund. 2010. “The Hungry Stomach: Physiology, Disease, and Drug Development Opportunities.” Frontiers in Pharmacology 1: 145. Santa Clara County Feeding Collaborative Feeding Materials (accessed online 2014) Satter, E. M. 1986. “The Feeding Relationship.” Journal of the American Dietetic Association 86: 352–6. Satter, E. M. 1996. “Internal Regulation and the Evolution of Normal Growth as the Basis for Prevention of Obesity in Childhood.” Journal of the American Dietetic Association 96(9): 860–4. Satter, E. M. 2000. Child of Mine: Feeding with Love and Good Sense. Boulder, CO: Bull Publishing. Satter, E. M. 2007. “Eating Competence: Definition and Evidence for the Satter Eating Competence Model.” Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 39(5): S142–53. Satter, E. M. 2011. Secrets of Feeding a Healthy Family: How to Eat, How to Raise Good Eaters, How to Cook. Madison, WI: Kelcy Press. Satter, E. M. 2014. “Avoid Pressure.” Serdula, M. K., D. Ivery, R. J. Coates, D. S. Freedman, D. F. Williamson, and T. Byers. 1996. “Do Obese Children Become Obese Adults? A Review of the Literature.” Preventive Medicine 22(2): 167–77. Sharp, W. G., D. L. Jaquess, J. F. Morton, and C. V. Herzinger. 2010. “Pediatric Feeding Disorders: A Quantitative Synthesis of Treatment Outcomes.” Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review 13(4): 348–65. Skeer, M. R., and E. L. Ballard. 2013. “Are Family Meals as Good for Youth as We Think They Are? A Review of the Literature on Family Meals as They Pertain to Adolescent Risk Prevention.” Journal of Youth Adolescence 42(7): 943–63. Spagnola, M., and B. H. Fiese . 2007. “Family Routines and Rituals: A Context for Development in the Lives of Young Children.” Infants & Young Children 20(4): 284–99. Stanek, K., D. Abbott, and S. Cramer. 1990. “Diet Quality and the Eating Environment of Preschool Children.” Journal of the American Dietetic Association 90(11): 1582–4. Stein, A., H. Woolley, S. D. Cooper, and C. G. Fairburn. 1994. “An Observational Study of Mothers with Eating Disorders and Their Infants.” Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 35(4): 733–48. Stitt, N., and A. Reupert. 2013. “Mothers with an Eating Disorder: ‘Food Comes Before Anything.’” Journal of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing. DOI: 10.1111/jpm.12104. Stolarz-Skrzypek, K., T. Kuznetsova, L. Thijs, V. Tikhonoff, J. Seidlerova, T. Richart, Y. Jin, et al. 2011. “Fatal and Nonfatal Outcomes, Incidence of Hypertension, and Blood Pressure Changes in Relation to Urinary Sodium Excretion.” Journal of the American Medical Association 305(17): 1777–85. Van Dyke, N., and E. J. Drinkwater. 2013. “Review Article: Relationships Between Intuitive Eating and Health Indicators: Literature Review.” Public Health Nutrition 21: 1–10. Vasylyeva T. L., A. Barche, S. P. Chennasamudram, C. Sheehan, R. Singh, and M. E. Okogbo. 2013. “Obesity in Prematurely Born Children and Adolescents: Follow Up in Pediatric Clinic.” Nutrition Journal 12(1): 150. Wilson, E. M., J. R. Green, and G. Weismer. 2012. “A Kinematic Description of the Temporal Characteristics of Jaw Motion for Early Chewing: Preliminary Findings.” Journal of Speech, Language. and Hearing Research 55: 626–38. Woolley, H., L. Hertzmann, and A. Stein. 2007. “Video-Feedback Intervention with Mothers with Postnatal Eating Disorders and Their Infants.” In Promoting Positive Parenting: An Attachment-Based Intervention, edited by F. Juffer, M. J. Bakermans-Kranenburg, and M. H. van IJzendoorn. New York: Routledge. Workgroup on Principles and Practices in Natural Environments, OSEP TA Community of Practice. 2008. “Agreed Upon Mission and Key Principles for Providing Early Intervention Services in Natural Environments.” (accessed 2014).  
ARFID twitter chat links

SUMMARY OF TWEET CHAT 1/21/2016: Understanding an ARFID Diagnosis and Children Struggling with Selective Eating

Kerzner paper in Academy of Pediatrics Classifying and managing feeding challenges Mei 2004 article on shifts in percentiles in children’s growth Failure to Thrive Current Clinical practice, Pediatric Review 2011 Legler paper  Assessment of Abnormal Growth Curves  Gurze Eating Disorder catalog Q and A Hobart Davies paper Reconceptualizing feeding and feeding disorders in interpersonal context  Blog post on avoiding trauma in pediatric feeding therapies  Zucker article on psychological and psychosocial impairment with selective eating  Pediatric Feeding News  book excerpt on bridging to new foods What is author’s STEPS+ approach 5 Common Problems behind extreme picky eating Real Mom Nutrition blog What is “extreme” picky eating?  blog post, author’s definition Suzanne Evans-Morris SLP PhD on the importance of happiness at mealtimes Autism and branching out article by Marsha Dunn-Klein MEd, OT Sensory input and the mouth article by Suzanne Evans-Morris SLP, PhD Black and Aboud framing of Responsive Feeding Visual and message on importance of trust and relationship with feeding America Did Not Invent the Picky Eater blog from Mealtime Hostage Mothers with ED may struggle with feeding cues and responsive feeding  Squires 2014 paper Resources for responsive feeding support and anticipatory guidance: English 2009, and 2015 Kerzner paper identify Ellyn Satter’s Division of Responsibility as responsive feeding “operationalized” (English). The following include parent and professional resources. The website is a wealth of free articles and learning modules. Feeding with Love and Good Sense II DVD Child of Mine Feeding Pamphlets age appropriate, short and to the point Masters for primary care easy-to-read handouts for anticipatory guidance and avoiding harm    


Parenting Books and Articles

books and articles:

Parent Support
Trauma and Resilience
General Feeding
Eating Disorder resources
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